It is without a doubt important to know What is dog Vaccinations? Before I start, I want to say that I love my pet vaccinations and you should love it too! So today I want to talk about dog vaccinations in details. It is important for us to know what is dog Vaccinations, Is it the same as human vaccinations? And what is in dog vaccinations, how vaccines work? And what is the role of Vaccinations in our dog’s life?
Dog vaccinations play a critical role in protecting them from many fatal infections, not only that, they play a big role in protecting other dogs and even us humans. It is required for all dogs to be vaccinated against different diseases to protect it from serious fatal infections that are easily preventable such as Rabies.
It is amazing how quickly we see our dog become an important member of the family. Actually, we soon consider them a child that we want to protect from everything that might harm them. Just like our children vaccinated against different diseases, our dog will need some vaccinations to give them immunity to some serious maybe even fatal diseases. As I said in a previous post Dogs are just like kids they vulnerable to diseases and weak against them.
It is a wonderful thing to learn about the benefits of dog vaccinations. This includes what vaccines are necessary and how or when they should be taken. People nowadays always ask questions about dog vaccinations and in this article, I will put details about it. This is only meant to be general information to dog vaccinations. At your dog’s next veterinary appointment, you will have enough knowledge about vaccines and you will be happy giving it to your dog.
All dogs need vaccinating during the first few weeks (usually between 6 and 8 weeks) and the reason for that, the puppy before this age receive their immunity and antibodies from their mother’s milk, considering the mother has a healthy immune system. That way we keep our dogs protected from harmful infections such as distemper, hepatitis, parvovirus, leptospirosis, Rabies and even kennel cough.
Vaccines are the only proven method of protecting your dog or any pet against these diseases and infections, which is why it is very important to get your dog vaccinated at the correct time.
In this article, I want to talk about different subjects related to Vaccines. First I will talk about What is Dog Vaccinations – What is in Dog Vaccinations. The second will be about Types of Vaccines. Then we come to the third main part which is about Dog Vaccination schedule. After that, we come to the fourth part The Time Each Vaccination Is Effective and Method of Administration of Vaccines. In the end, I will put some side effects of Vaccinations.
What is Dog Vaccinations – What is in Dog Vaccinations?
First, we need to understand what the term “Vaccine” means by knowing that we will start to understand What is dog Vaccinations, Vaccine is a preparation biological in origin that provides active acquired immunity to a particular infection or disease. The vaccine contains an agent that resembles the causing microorganism and is often made from a killed form or weakened form of this organism (microbe) Once the agent enters the body it stimulates the immune system to recognize it as a threat, then it destroys it, and save it to a special kind of memory to destroy any microorganism associated with that agent that it may encounter in the future.
Dog Vaccines is the same as any other vaccine, it helps prepare the dog’s immune system to defend itself from any future invasion of the microorganism. It stimulates the dog’s immune system by having it recognizes the weakened microorganism presents. So if the dog becomes exposed to the real infection, its immune system act immediately by recognizes the threat, and therefore be prepared to fight it and kill it, or at least reduce the overall effects on the dog to be killed eventually.
Dog Vaccinations are Good!
These are some diseases that Dog immune system will fight against with the help of Vaccinations :
Types of Vaccines – Core and Non-Core Vaccines
Types of vaccines will make us know and understand What is dog Vaccinations better and the importance of it for dogs. Core vaccinations mean vital vaccines to all canines based on a universal risk of exposure, the severity of the disease, and the risk of transmission to other dogs, As we said before some diseases are fatal to dogs, as well as the risk of transmission to other animal species and human beings like Rabies. That means Core Vaccines are essential and a must for our dogs.
*Core Vaccines that considered by The American Animal Hospital Association are:
Here I want to point out that Rabies Vaccine is required by law in most countries, and it is given around the age of 16 weeks (not earlier than 15 weeks) and it is important to understand that this vaccine is good for 1 year only for puppies and 3 years for adult dogs.
*Non-core – vaccines include:
These vaccines are not considered Core. However, they are very important for dogs who may be exposed to these infectious diseases.
When? Dog Vaccination schedule
Before we know when we need to know that Puppies should not be separated from their mother nursery because simply it is crucial to their both psychological and physical health. As we talked about it before Puppies before the age of 6-8 weeks they need their mother’s milk to boost their immune system and protect them from infections, however after this period they need vaccines to stay protected. That is why we start vaccination for puppies at the age of 6-8 weeks, by giving them the first combination of vaccines, and later they need more combination vaccines at around 12 weeks – 16 weeks.
That means as soon as you bring your puppy home, you need to arrange an appointment with professional healthcare to check the general health of your puppy and check which vaccinations it had and need. There will be instructions and Puppy Vaccination Schedule to follow from your vet and that would be about when each vaccine should be given and you need to know it can be vary depending on your dog breed, size and if your dog has health problems.
Puppy Vaccination Schedule can be slightly different from place to place but it is nearly the same. It is typically recommended the following vaccination schedule for puppies:
*6-8 weeks: first combination vaccinations, and it covers against Distemper, Hepatitis, Parvovirus, Parainfluenza Virus and Coronavirus.
*9 weeks: second combination vaccinations
*12 weeks: Third combination vaccine, Lyme Disease vaccination – repeated two weeks later and then once a year.
–Some suggest this too:
*11-14 weeks: DHPP, Leptospirosis, Canine Influenza, Lyme Disease
*15-16: DHPP, Leptospirosis, Canine Influenza, Lyme Disease, Rabies
Canine influenza and Lyme disease vaccines are given depending on the lifestyle of the dog (Final combination vaccine).
* DHPP – distemper, hepatitis, parvovirus, parainfluenza.
**Some puppies may need additional vaccinations against parvovirus after 15 weeks of age. You need to consult with the veterinarian for more information about this.
You need to follow your puppy vaccine schedule and never miss any of these vaccines. It is an important role in your puppy live to prevent diseases and infections and keep it healthy and happy, isn’t that what we all want? Your puppy is your child and a member of our families and it deserves every good chance to be happy and healthy, do not forget that you are protecting your health and your children health too.
Adult Dog Vaccination Schedule can be slightly different. Once your puppy reaches adulthood, and all the core puppy vaccines have been administered, we can think about and begin implementing an adult dog vaccination schedule. An adult dog vaccination schedule normally consists of periodic adult boosters, which are combinations of the same type of DHPP vaccine administered to puppies, along with several other additions.
Some professional healthcare advice and recommend dog owners for their dog’s first one year visit boosting their DHPP, Leptospirosis and Rabies vaccines, and if the dog’s lifestyle requires it they might recommend Canine Influenza and Lyme vaccines.
- Distemper, Parvovirus, Hepatitis: Puppies need a booster 1 year after they have completed all of their vaccines, and then all dogs need boosters once per year for at least 3 years.
- Parainfluenza: Booster once every 3 years.
- Kennel Cough: in a high-risk environment once every 6 months.
- Lyme Disease: in a high-risk environment once every one year before tick season.
- Leptospirosis: in a high-risk environment once every year.
- Canine Influenza: Once every one year for all dogs.
The Time Each Vaccination Is Effective?
The Amount Of Time Each Vaccination Is Effective can vary depending on many things like the size and age of the dog. But it can be as follows:
DHPP: 3 years
Rabies: 3 years
Leptospirosis: 1 year
Canine Influenza: 1 year
Lyme Disease: 1 year
Kennel Cough: 6 months
Method of Administration of Vaccines
Most vaccinations are administered by an injection underneath the skin of the neck. But the vaccine for kennel cough is usually administered as a nasal spray. The nasal spray offers immediate as well as long-lasting protection.
Vaccinations Overweighs Side Effects
It is uncommon for vaccinations to cause any side effects. However, If you are worried I will explain some side effects. It is important to understand that protection from potentially life-threatening diseases hugely outweighs the small to almost zero risks of developing any side effects.
Symptoms may include (Side Effects) :
Fever, Sluggishness, Loss of appetite, Facial or paw swelling, Vomiting and/or Diarrhea, Pain or swelling around the injection site. As you can see these are mild symptoms and they can be ignored. However, if your dog started to experience more severe symptoms as Collapse, difficulty breathing, seizures (anaphylactic shock) or even severe facial swelling, vomiting or lethargy, you should contact your veterinarian immediately. But understand that these are unlikely to happen.
Let’s Keep our Dogs Healthy and Happy – Enjoy the moment
And now we understand What is dog Vaccinations and how vaccinations for our dogs are really important in their life to keep them happy and healthy. Vaccinations are just a door opened for us in this life to talk to our bodies about the incoming threat to prepare to fight it with all means and keep us healthy. As it is important to keep a track of our children vaccination schedule it is important to do so for our dogs.
It is understandable now how the vaccine works and how or when to use them which is really important to protect dogs in their weak periods and of course to keep their bodies prepared for any threat in the future.
In the end, I want to say that Dogs are just our new Children in our houses, let’s keep them happy and protected to gain a precious loyal friend in our life. As I feel happy about vaccinating my pet we should all feel that because we can sleep peacefully without worrying about our pet’s health.
**Just some laugh: “Did you ever notice that when you blow in a dog’s face he gets mad at you? But when you take him in a car, he sticks his head out the window.” — Steve Bluestone
Founder of Fluffy Health & Life