What is dog Vaccinations? – What is in dog Vaccinations? Is it Important?

What is dog Vaccinations? – What is in dog Vaccinations? Is it Important?

What-is-dog-VaccinationsIt is without a doubt important to know What is dog Vaccinations? Before I start, I want to say that I love my pet vaccinations and you should love it too! So today I want to talk about dog vaccinations in details. It is important for us to know what is dog Vaccinations, Is it the same as human vaccinations? And what is in dog vaccinations, how vaccines work? And what is the role of Vaccinations in our dog’s life?

Dog vaccinations play a critical role in protecting them from many fatal infections, not only that, they play a big role in protecting other dogs and even us humans. It is required for all dogs to be vaccinated against different diseases to protect it from serious fatal infections that are easily preventable such as Rabies.

It is amazing how quickly we see our dog become an important member of the family. Actually, we soon Strong-bond-between-pets-and-peopleconsider them a child that we want to protect from everything that might harm them. Just like our children vaccinated against different diseases, our dog will need some vaccinations to give them immunity to some serious maybe even fatal diseases. As I said in a previous post Dogs are just like kids they vulnerable to diseases and weak against them.

It is a wonderful thing to learn about the benefits of dog vaccinations. This includes what vaccines are necessary and how or when they should be taken. People nowadays always ask questions about dog vaccinations and in this article, I will put details about it. This is only meant to be general information to dog vaccinations. At your dog’s next veterinary appointment, you will have enough knowledge about vaccines and you will be happy giving it to your dog.

All dogs need vaccinating during the first few weeks (usually between 6 and 8 weeks) and the reason for that, the puppy before this age receive their immunity and antibodies from their mother’s milk, considering the mother has a healthy immune system. That way we keep our dogs protected from harmful infections such as distemper, hepatitis, parvovirus, leptospirosis, Rabies and even kennel cough.

Vaccines are the only proven method of protecting your dog or any pet against these diseases and infections, which is why it is very important to get your dog vaccinated at the correct time.

In this article, I want to talk about different subjects related to Vaccines. First I will talk about What is Dog Vaccinations – What is in Dog Vaccinations. The second will be about Types of Vaccines. Then we come to the third main part which is about Dog Vaccination schedule. After that, we come to the fourth part The Time Each Vaccination Is Effective and Method of Administration of Vaccines. In the end, I will put some side effects of Vaccinations.

What is Dog Vaccinations – What is in Dog Vaccinations?

What-is-in-dog-VaccinationsFirst, we need to understand what the term “Vaccine” means by knowing that we will start to understand What is dog Vaccinations, Vaccine is a preparation biological in origin that provides active acquired immunity to a particular infection or disease. The vaccine contains an agent that resembles the causing microorganism and is often made from a killed form or weakened form of this organism (microbe) Once the agent enters the body it stimulates the immune system to recognize it as a threat, then it destroys it, and save it to a special kind of memory to destroy any microorganism associated with that agent that it may encounter in the future.

Dog Vaccines is the same as any other vaccine, it helps prepare the dog’s immune system to defend itself from any future invasion of the microorganism. It stimulates the dog’s immune system by having it recognizes the weakened microorganism presents. So if the dog becomes exposed to the real infection, its immune system act immediately by recognizes the threat, and therefore be prepared to fight it and kill it, or at least reduce the overall effects on the dog to be killed eventually.

Dog Vaccinations are Good!

Dog Vaccines

These are some diseases that Dog immune system will fight against with the help of Vaccinations :

-Parvovirus

-Distemper

-Parainfluenza Virus

-Hepatitis

-Leptospirosis

-Kennel Cough

-Coronavirus

-Canine Influenza

Types of Vaccines – Core and Non-Core Vaccines

Types of vaccines will make us know and understand What is dog Vaccinations better and the importance of it for dogs. Core vaccinations mean vital vaccines to all canines based on a universal risk of exposure, the severity of the disease, and the risk of transmission to other dogs, As we said before some diseases are fatal to dogs, as well as the risk of transmission to other animal species and human beings like Rabies. That means Core Vaccines are essential and a must for our dogs.

*Core Vaccines that considered by The American Animal Hospital Association are:

Canine Parvovirus.

Canine Distemper.

Hepatitis.

Rabies.

Here I want to point out that Rabies Vaccine is required by law in most countries, and it is given around the age of 16 weeks (not earlier than 15 weeks) and it is important to understand that this vaccine is good for 1 year only for puppies and 3 years for adult dogs.

*Non-core – vaccines include:

Canine Influenza.

Bordetella.

Leptospirosis.

Lyme Disease.

These vaccines are not considered Core. However, they are very important for dogs who may be exposed to these infectious diseases.

When? Dog Vaccination schedule

Dog-VaccinationBefore we know when we need to know that Puppies should not be separated from their mother nursery because simply it is crucial to their both psychological and physical health. As we talked about it before Puppies before the age of 6-8 weeks they need their mother’s milk to boost their immune system and protect them from infections, however after this period they need vaccines to stay protected. That is why we start vaccination for puppies at the age of 6-8 weeks, by giving them the first combination of vaccines, and later they need more combination vaccines at around 12 weeks – 16 weeks.

That means as soon as you bring your puppy home, you need to arrange an appointment with professional healthcare to check the general health of your puppy and check which vaccinations it had and need. There will be instructions and Puppy Vaccination Schedule to follow from your vet and that would be about when each vaccine should be given and you need to know it can be vary depending on your dog breed, size and if your dog has health problems.

 


 

Puppy Vaccination Schedule can be slightly different from place to place but it is nearly the same. It is typically recommended the following vaccination schedule for puppies:

*6-8 weeks: first combination vaccinations, and it covers against Distemper, Hepatitis, Parvovirus, Parainfluenza Virus and Coronavirus.

*9 weeks: second combination vaccinations

*12 weeks: Third combination vaccine, Lyme Disease vaccination – repeated two weeks later and then once a year.

Some suggest this too:

*11-14 weeks: DHPP, Leptospirosis, Canine Influenza, Lyme Disease

*15-16: DHPP, Leptospirosis, Canine Influenza, Lyme Disease, Rabies

Canine influenza and Lyme disease vaccines are given depending on the lifestyle of the dog (Final combination vaccine).

* DHPP – distemper, hepatitis, parvovirus, parainfluenza.


**Some puppies may need additional vaccinations against parvovirus after 15 weeks of age. You need to consult with the veterinarian for more information about this.

You need to follow your puppy vaccine schedule and never miss any of these vaccines. It is an important role in your puppy live to prevent diseases and infections and keep it healthy and happy, isn’t that what we all want? Your puppy is your child and a member of our families and it deserves every good chance to be happy and healthy, do not forget that you are protecting your health and your children health too.

Adult Dog Vaccination Schedule can be slightly different. Once your puppy reaches adulthood, and all the core puppy vaccines have been administered, we can think about and begin implementing an adult dog vaccination schedule. An adult dog vaccination schedule normally consists of periodic adult boosters, which are combinations of the same type of DHPP vaccine administered to puppies, along with several other additions.

Some professional healthcare advice and recommend dog owners for their dog’s first one year visit boosting their DHPP, Leptospirosis and Rabies vaccines, and if the dog’s lifestyle requires it they might recommend Canine Influenza and Lyme vaccines.

  • Distemper, Parvovirus, Hepatitis: Puppies need a booster 1 year after they have completed all of their vaccines, and then all dogs need boosters once per year for at least 3 years.
  • Parainfluenza: Booster once every 3 years.
  • Kennel Cough: in a high-risk environment once every 6 months.
  • Lyme Disease: in a high-risk environment once every one year before tick season.
  • Leptospirosis: in a high-risk environment once every year.
  • Canine Influenza: Once every one year for all dogs.

The Time Each Vaccination Is Effective?

The Amount Of Time Each Vaccination Is Effective can vary depending on many things like the size and age of the dog. But it can be as follows:

DHPP: 3 years

Rabies: 3 years

Leptospirosis: 1 year

Canine Influenza: 1 year

Lyme Disease: 1 year

Kennel Cough: 6 months

Method of Administration of Vaccines

Most vaccinations are administered by an injection underneath the skin of the neck. But the vaccine for kennel cough is usually administered as a nasal spray. The nasal spray offers immediate as well as long-lasting protection.

Vaccinations Overweighs Side Effects

Vaccine-in-an-injection-syringe

It is uncommon for vaccinations to cause any side effects. However, If you are worried I will explain some side effects. It is important to understand that protection from potentially life-threatening diseases hugely outweighs the small to almost zero risks of developing any side effects.

Symptoms may include (Side Effects) :

Fever, Sluggishness, Loss of appetite, Facial or paw swelling, Vomiting and/or Diarrhea, Pain or swelling around the injection site. As you can see these are mild symptoms and they can be ignored. However, if your dog started to experience more severe symptoms as Collapse, difficulty breathing, seizures (anaphylactic shock) or even severe facial swelling, vomiting or lethargy, you should contact your veterinarian immediately. But understand that these are unlikely to happen.

Let’s Keep our Dogs Healthy and Happy – Enjoy the moment

Fluffy-Healthcare-&-Life

And now we understand What is dog Vaccinations and how vaccinations for our dogs are really important in their life to keep them happy and healthy. Vaccinations are just a door opened for us in this life to talk to our bodies about the incoming threat to prepare to fight it with all means and keep us healthy. As it is important to keep a track of our children vaccination schedule it is important to do so for our dogs.

It is understandable now how the vaccine works and how or when to use them which is really important to protect dogs in their weak periods and of course to keep their bodies prepared for any threat in the future.

In the end, I want to say that Dogs are just our new Children in our houses, let’s keep them happy and protected to gain a precious loyal friend in our life. As I feel happy about vaccinating my pet we should all feel that because we can sleep peacefully without worrying about our pet’s health.

**Just some laugh: “Did you ever notice that when you blow in a dog’s face he gets mad at you? But when you take him in a car, he sticks his head out the window.” — Steve Bluestone

Mohammad

Founder of Fluffy Health & Life

20 thoughts on “What is dog Vaccinations? – What is in dog Vaccinations? Is it Important?”

  1. This is quite an informative topic. We’ve had a few family dogs and I must admit that we haven’t taken very good care of them in the past. We usually get puppies from other families and probably they haven’t suckled enough to get the antibodies they need.

    Luckily, our dogs have not fallen ill. But I think it is time to vaccinate them. Since they are adults now, will the adult vaccination only be enough?

    I am thinking of the more common threat like rabies.

    Thank you for this useful post. 

    • If your dog did not take vaccines in its early life as a puppy then it is always better to let your veterinarian know and check your dog health in general and start giving your dog vaccinations like Rabies to prevent such disease to hit your dog and keep it healthy. The most important to focus on is the Core Vaccinations (Rabies one of them) which is really important to discuss with the healthcare professional about. And remember this, it is always better to take vaccines even if it is late than never take them especially against diseases like Rabies and as I pointed out in the article the vaccine for Rabies.

      I am glad you found it useful.

  2. Thank you for this very comprehensive post on the importance of vaccination and what vaccines you should get.  I do have one question:  I notice you have divided these vaccines into “core” and “non-core” vaccines, and then have shown suggested schedules for them both.  I understand that the “core” ones are must-haves, but what about the “non-core”?  Can some of those be left out depending on the area you live in?

    I do appreciate the information and think it will be helpful to many people, especially new owners of dogs.

    • Even though they are not “Core” vaccines they are considered very important as a prophylactic for the dog to protect them from these diseases. Note that nowadays veterinarian prefers to give dogs both Core and Non-Core Vaccines to keep dogs as healthy as possible. However, it is always preferable to consult your veterinarian about Non-Core vaccines as your dog might not need one or more of them and that means it is not necessary anymore and your dog can stay healthy as any other dog even without one of them. But remember to never skip the Core vaccinations.

  3. A great post Mohammed. There are many people who do not realize the potential harm they are doing to their dogs and puppies by not having them vaccinated regularly.

    I think this is something that too many owners overlook, possibly in the hope it won’t affect their dog.

    Thank you for this in-depth view of what dog owners should be doing.

    Derek

    • Thank you very much, and you got it right, Sadly so many people overlook such important matter but hopefully by the time they learn how important vaccines are to protect their dogs that became part of their families.

      I am glad you enjoyed reading my post and found it useful.

  4. The puppy vaccination schedule is a helpful piece of information. We’ve always given most of the vaccinations you discussed. Although we’ve never given the Canine Influenza vaccination. 

    There are a lot of vaccinations to give in the first 4 months of a puppy’s life. How much can I expect to pay the vet for all those vaccinations? That’s a cost many people may not consider when purchasing a new puppy.

    • it is difficult to determine how much you are going to pay for all of them because it depends on the country itself and on your vet. but you should ask yourself this, Is it worth it? When your Children need this kind of medical care the last thing you think about is money and since your dog now is part of your family I believe you will have the same feeling. It is always good to ask your vet about the prices for all of them so can be prepared for it too.

  5. Thank you for your informative post. It’s been a fear for me always to have a dog, specially while I’m travelling because it’s easier for them to get sick. But you have clarified that there is no need to be afraid while vaccinations protect the dogs against killer diseases and they are likely to be a requirement if the dog goes into boarding kennels or travels abroad with you. Each injection can contain up to several vaccines against different diseases. That’s great to know all these information!

    • I am glad that this post is so useful for you! and I hope you have a great and healthy happy life with your future pet! It is a great thing to have a pet beside you.

  6. I’ve had dogs my entire life and always keep their vaccinations up to date. Many (if not most) kennels or dog groomers won’t even allow you to leave your pet with them if you don’t show them proof that they have  had their shots. I think that’s a good policy, because it only takes one infected pet to cause an outbreak, and if all the other dogs were unprotected, the results could be tragic. I’d rather not take any chances on the health of my dog. That’s how I return the  love of my best friend.

    • I agree with you, it is a great policy, like that every dog going to be healthy and prevent any infection! 

  7. Hello. Thank you for writing about such an important topic.

    I just wanted to comment that the initial “puppy” series which should have at its heart Distemper, Hepatitis and Parvovirus should absolutely be continued through 16 weeks of age.

    This is to prevent interference with vaccines from maternal antibodies obtained at birth.

    Finally serious consideration must be given specifically for Rottweilers and Dobermans to an additional DHP vaccine at 18 weeks of age. These breeds have a genetically increased susceptibility to Parvovirus.

    Also note that Parainfluenza is a “non-core” vaccine. As such, I vaccinate puppies with a DHP vaccine, rather than the DHPP vaccine, which is combining core and non-core antigens into one vaccine.

    Keep up the good work!

    Colin Chaves, DVM

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