Cat Diseases and Symptoms

We all love our pets because they make us happy especially our adorable little cats. However, it is heartbreaking to see them get sick and in pain. Did you know that cats make up about 30 to 35% of the pets in American households, but still people do not know how to differentiate if their cat is affected with a serious disease or a common one?

So, here is a list of some common as well as fatal cat diseases and symptoms so that you can contact the vet on right time and take proper care of your furry little friend.

Feline Lower Urinary Tract Diseases (FLUTD)

Feline lower urinary tract disease (FLUTD) is a group of cat diseases with multiple reasons. It is common in both male and female cats and usually occurs in overweight or unfit cats or who eat dry food. Stress and a multi-cat household can also raise a cat’s risk of FLUTD. FLUTD symptoms include:

  • Straining to urinate
  • Urinating in unusual places
  • Crying when urinating
  • Bloody urine
  • Lack of appetite
  • Licking around the urinary area (mostly because of pain)
  • Dehydration
  • Depression
  • Vomiting


Fleas are a common external cat health issue and can last more than a year. However, it’s one you can treat easily, but if the problem gets serious, your cat risks anemia. Here are the signs your cat has fleas:

  • Flea dirt on its skin (look like tiny black dots)
  • Frequent licking
  • Hair loss
  • Constant scratching
  • Red or irritated skin
  • Skin infections or hot spots

Kidney Disease

Kidney disease can affect cats of all ages and breeds, but it is particularly found in cats around seven years of age and above and long-haired breeds such as Persians and Angoras. If your cat consumes a toxic substance like pesticides, antifreeze, or human medications like ibuprofen, acute renal failure can also take place. Symptoms include:

  • dry coat
  • drooling
  • bad breath
  • increased urination
  • thirst
  • weight loss


Diabetes is common in cats and seems to be on the rise as cat food today includes high carb content. Type 2 is more common and results due to the resistance to insulin, while type 1 is less common and occurs due to a lack of insulin. Here are the symptoms:

  • increased urination and thirst,
  • weight loss,
  • vomiting,
  • plantigrade stance (cat walks on her rear hocks instead of her toes)


Leukemia refers to the cancer of the white blood cells, which spreads by a virus found in urine and saliva. Cats face a high risk of contracting leukemia if they live with or come into contact with infected ones. The virus can also transfer through shared bowls, mother’s placenta, and fighting.

Leukemia is mostly fatal in cats as there is no cure. Cats who do respond to chemotherapy have an average survival rate of less than a year. So, getting your cats vaccinated, and keeping them away from infected animals is the way to go. Symptoms include:

  • diarrhea
  • skin disease
  • bladder infection
  • infertility


If you think only dogs get rabies, you are wrong. According to an estimate, cats get rabies more often than dogs. It is a viral infection which spreads through saliva or a bite of an infected animal, and once it enters the body, it attacks the cat’s nerves, brain, and spinal cord and is fatal. Symptoms include:

  • fever
  • weight loss
  • hyperactivity
  • aggression
  • muscle spasms
  • drooling


Cats make us laugh and feel happy with their lovely ways, and we don’t want to see them in pain. So, if you notice any signs mentioned above, immediately contact a vet and have your cat checked.

So finally, I hope you found this article useful and informative. Let me know your answer. What do you think? Are there more Cat Diseases and Symptoms you know? Write them down below.

If you have any other question or different opinion about it, leave a comment below.

Today’s Quote: “Cats can work out mathematically the exact place to sit that will cause most inconvenience.” Pam Brown


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3 years ago

Hello Dr. Alkhawaldeh, I enjoyed reading your article on Cat Diseases and symptoms. There’s a lot of helpful and interesting information.

I have some furry friends. I have a orange cat whom I adopted from Pet Smart a few years back. Also, I have a miniature schnauzer and Maltese.

My cat had all of his shots when I adopted him and when I took him to the Veterinarian for his yearly checkup, he got all of his shots again. I did not take him this year for all of his shots just his rabies. I know your pet needs the rabies shot, but is it necessary to give him all the shots again every year? How often does a cat need all of his Shots? Thank you for sharing.

Warm Regards,