Dog and Ear Infection – Dog’s Ear Infection in Details

I will today write about a Dog’s ear infection topic in details. Dog and ear infection can start from simple scratching at its ears or whining until a lousy infection from different organisms like Bacteria or Yeast ( Fungus ).

Dog's-Ear-Infection-Healthy-DogYou need as a dog owner to take care of your dog ears hygiene. Otherwise, your dog will face this annoying and sometimes painful infection. Your dog will start whining and scratching them so hard that sometimes make them red and raw, which indicate an ear infection or ear problem.

The same as Humans, Dogs, might have three kinds of ear infections (Otitis externa, media and internal). The Infection is common in those with floppy ears such as Basset Hounds and Cocker Spaniels. It is good to know and read about this kind of problem to understand and know how to reduce or prevent this infection or at least reduce its severity.

Before I start with the symptoms of the infection, I want to point out what these terms mean. Otitis externa is an inflammation that affects the outer part of your dog ear canal (external portions of the canal, the effect mainly on the cell lining this area). The Otitis media is the inflammation of the middle ear. Otitis interna refers to the infection of the inner ear canal, both Otitis media and interna are the cause of the spread of infection to the outer part of the ear. You need to know that Otitis media and interna are severe. Because, if the infection is not treated, it can lead to deafness and signs of vestibular disease such as head tilting or lack of coordination and let us not forget that it might lead to facial paralysis.

I want to start with the Symptoms of the Dog’s ear infection. After that, I will point out the Causes of this problem for dogs. Then I will write how they diagnose the infection. In the end, I will write about the Treatment and the Prevention of it.

Dog and Ear Infection – Symptoms

We all suffered from an ear infection, and maybe some of us having this infection every year. We all also felt that annoying pain, the urge to itch and that lousy smell discharge. It is simply a sensitive area that got inflamed, so most of the time, the symptoms are apparent.

The most common symptoms can include: Head Shaking, Scaly skin, Whining and may be pawing at the infected ear ( if one is infected), smelly discharge ( Dark in colour), Redness and swelling and itchiness.

Dog and Ear Infection – Causes

The structure of humans ear canal is different from that in dogs, and it is in our benefit. In dogs, the structure of the channel more vertical, which is a risk factor to hold fluid and easy to have ear problems like infection.

Most common causes of ear infection in dogs include:



Moisture(An excellent environment for bacteria to grow)


Mites( But more common in puppies)

Thyroid problems


Autoimmune disease


Endocrine issues

Excessive cleaning

Dog’s Ear Infection- Precise Diagnosis

Once you notice your dog with one or more of the symptoms of an ear infection, you should take it to the veterinarian to confirm the diagnosis. It is crucial not to wait and take your dog as soon as possible as I said it could cause deafness if not treated! And it is vital because, with the proper early treatment, you will protect your dog and prevent the infection from spreading to the middle or inner ear.

Without a doubt, your veterinarian will ask you about your dog history because the dog and ear infection are connected. Dogs can have infections so quickly, and you should answer honestly. Remember the vet might be a different person than your typical person so they need all the information you can provide.

Do not worry; the questions will be like any normal question. Even you answer them when you visit your physicians, such as questions about symptoms and the duration. The questions may also include if there are a terrible odour, discharge, the colour of discharge or pain. If your dog has allergies, if its on medication and so on with routine questions.

After that, the examination will begin, which due to the painful infected ear, your dog might need sedation. The examination may include different things. One procedure is diagnostic in case of middle or inner ear infection is to insert a spinal needle to take a sample from the ear fluid for microscopic examination. It can show the infection and which type. Other studies might include CT or MRI scans, blood tests, urine analysis Or even Biopsies and X-rays in extreme or chronic cases.

Treatment of Dog’s Ear Infection

I want here to divide the treatment into two types depending on the severity of the infection. Dog and Ear Infection both are just like Magnets. Dog’s ear infection can happen so often and rebound if we didn’t pay attention to the treatment and do it right.

If the infection is not so severe, your vet will clean your dog ears thoroughly to make sure it’s clean and sterile. Then give you a prescription and instructions. The prescription will include topical medication and/or antibiotics, pain killer for the pain and/or steroids to ease the inflammation and instruct you to give it to your dog at home.

You need to follow the instruction precisely, because stopping the treatment or not doing it right might lead to recurrent infection, which we do not want it!

If the ear infection is severe, your vet might keep your dog in the hospital for treatment and to monitor its condition carefully. Most of the infection take from 10 days up to 30 days to be entirely resolved. However, some might take longer, especially if the case is chronic.

Dog and Ear Infection – Prevention


The best question you should ask is HOW to prevent ear infection in Dogs as the best in the prevention and keep your pet healthy and happy.

It is simple when it comes to prevention. All you need to do is routine ear cleaning which reduces the chances of infection( but be careful too much cleaning is also bad). If your dog has a moisture factor, then you need to dry its ears after swimming or after taking baths.

So basically all you need to do is keep your dog clean and dry. When you own a pet, it might feel like a big duty and so many things to do. But remember your dog is your family now. As for how to clean a dog’s ears and some methods to do it, I will write all that and some tips in the next posts.

Today’s funny Quote:

“In order to really enjoy a dog, one doesn’t merely try to train him to be semi-human. The point of it is to open oneself to the possibility of becoming partly a dog.” — Edward Hoagland


Founder of Fluffy Health & Life

10 thoughts on “Dog and Ear Infection – Dog’s Ear Infection in Details”

  1. Thank you for the information and great tips.

    My niece, a German shepherd, has been suffering from a recurring ear infection. It has become so severe that now the dog has cauliflower ear. I was just doing some research to help her when I came across your article.

    I am going to send it over to her to read. I am thinking maybe she is not keeping them clean or maybe her vet is not doing enough to treat it. I am always worried now that it might be a symptom of a deeper issue.

    Thank you again for writing this article. I look forward to reading more of your posts.

    • Thank you very much, I hope the dog gets better soon and stay healthy and happy with you. I am happy to see people like you do everything they can to keep their pets happy and in good health. God bless you!

  2. I am a pet lover and this is really great information, you will be on my list of sites to visit when I have questions about my sweet Sam (black pug) When I first got him he was scratching at the ears and thankfully I caught it early, got him to the vet and he felt better almost immediately. Thank you for all you do!

  3. I am a dog owner myself and I knew that dogs could have problems with their ears, but I was not aware that they could get ear infections. I just thought they could get fleas and ear mites. Because of what you have written I will be paying closer attention to what my puppy does from now on. Thank you!

  4. Very informative and helpful. While my dog hasn’t had ear infections, my cat has had many. It seems like, once they get it once, it becomes easier to get it again. He also gets ear mites in the Summer, which probably contributes to it. I’ll try to clean his ears more often.


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